Welcome to the QChartist blog QChartist Community – Your way to financial freedom

March 8, 2024

Mental Illness: A Review of Causes, Types, and Medicinal Plant Based Therapeutic Interventions

Filed under: Nutrition and Health,Reiki,Sciences,Spirituality — admin @ 8:44 am

Mental Illness: A Review of Causes, Types, and Medicinal Plant Based Therapeutic Interventions

Nehasvita Veeramachaneni, Sujana Veeramachaneni, Leela Talluri, Venkataramana Kandi

Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2023, 11(2), 43-48. DOI: 10.12691/rpbs-11-2-2

Received November 01, 2023; Revised December 01, 2023; Accepted December 10, 2023


Mental illness is probably the most important silent killer affecting the psychological and overall well-being of humans throughout the world. Humans have been unsuccessful in controlling the adverse effects of this disease which affects all age groups irrespective of their gender. A majority of mental illnesses go undiagnosed due to a lack of knowledge among people. Additionally, this disorder is influenced by social stigma that restricts the diagnosis and treatment-seeking ability of people. Treatment of mental disorders involves psychotherapies, brain stimulation methods, and drugs. Medication, although is available to treat mental illnesses, could be responsible for side effects. Therefore, alternative therapeutic interventions like medicinal plant extracts have been explored in the treatment of mental disorders. In this review, we comprehensively discuss the causes, types, and role of medicinal plants in the treatment and management of mental illnesses.

1. Introduction

A wide range of conditions that affect mood, thinking, perceptions, feelings, and behavior of a person combinedly represent mental illness/mental disorder. Mental health involves effective functioning in everyday activities that contribute to productive activities (such as work, school, or caregiving), good relationships, the capacity to adapt to change, and the capacity to deal with adversity. Many individuals who suffer from mental illnesses are unwilling to talk about it. Nevertheless, mental illness is not anything to be embarrassed of! Like heart disease or diabetes, it is a medical issue 1. And it is important that mental health issues are treated 2. Our knowledge of how the human brain functions has always been advancing, and there are medications and treatments available to assist people in effectively managing mental health disorders. Nothing, however, can be done unless and until the individual decides to get help for themselves 3. Mental disorder treatments have evolved significantly over a period of time. In the 19th century, this disorder was managed by hypnosis. Later, interventions including shock treatment, and prefrontal lobotomy were applied to manage patients suffering from mental illness.

Different types of drugs are used to treat mental illnesses that include anti-depressants [serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs), tricyclics and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), Esketamine], anti-anxiety medications (SSRIs, SNRIs, benzodiazepines, beta-blockers, Librium, valium, xanax, and buspirone), stimulants (ritalin and adderall), anti-psychotics (clozapine), and mood stabilizers (lithium) 4, 5. Other methods like Bright light therapy and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) therapies have also been explored in the past 5.

2. Causes of Mental Illness

Mental illnesses are conditions that affect emotion, thought, and behavior (or a combination of these). Distress and/or difficulty coping with daily tasks at work, in the family, or in social situations can be symptoms of mental illnesses. Emotions, thinking, communication, learning, resilience, hope, and self-esteem all depend on good mental health. Relationships, emotional and personal well-being, and volunteering to help others in the community or society also all depend on good mental health. A key element of overall well-being is mental health is the status of physical health that could impact and influence the mental health condition of a person.

A majority of mental illnesses have several underlying causes and risk factors. A person’s likelihood of developing a mental health disorder increases as the risk factors increase. Sometimes, the development of mental disease is gradual. It may not show up until a stressful situation triggers it 6.

There are several risk factors and triggers that include genetic predisposition, stressful situations, environment among others as shown in Figure 1.

Genetics: Frequently, mental illnesses have been known to run in families and children born to parents who develop mental illnesses are increasingly predisposed to suffer from mental illness in their lives 7.

Stressful situations: These include situations such as losing a loved one in a vehicle accident or workplace stress, and stressful family relationships among others

Brain chemistry: An imbalance of natural substances in a person’s body and brain is frequently a factor in mental illnesses.

Environment: A person’s mental health may be impacted by living in a stressful environment. Living in poverty or growing up in an abusive household are two scenarios that place a lot of stress on the brain and can lead to mental health issues.

Unhealthy practices: These include skipping meals or not getting enough sleep among several others

Alcoholism and drug use: Addiction to alcohol and drugs can be hazardous to mental well -being of a person. It might also make recovering from mental illness more challenging

Pessimistic attitudes: People might become trapped in a cycle of despair or anxiety if they are constantly critical of themselves or anticipate the worst

Childhood trauma: Things that happen to a person as a child may still have an effect during adulthood, even though they no longer live in a stressful setting. One mental health issue that affects persons who were abused or neglected as children is complex post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

These risk factors influence more than only who will develop a mental illness. They also have an impact on when and how serious their symptoms will be.

3. Different Types of Mental Illnesses

There are different types of mental illnesses that include anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder among others as shown in Figure 2 8.

Anxiety: Approximately 301 million people could be suffering from an anxiety disorder globally. Excessive worry and fear are characteristics of anxiety disorders, along with associated behavioral abnormalities. Anxiety disorders exist in various forms, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, and many more.

Eating disorders: Globally, more than 14 million individuals have been suffering from eating disorders. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are two examples of eating disorders that feature abnormal eating, obsession with food, and a lot of issues with one’s appearance. The behaviors or symptoms have a considerable negative impact on functioning, severe distress, or significant risk to one’s health.

Depression: An estimated 280 million people were living with depression worldwide. Depression is different from common mood swings and temporary emotional reactions to problems in daily life. Poor attention, feelings of excessive guilt or low self-worth, hopelessness, suicidal thoughts, disturbed sleep, changes in food or weight, and feeling particularly exhausted or low in energy are some of its symptoms. Moreover, suicide risk is higher among depressed individuals.

Bipolar Disorder: Bipolar disorder is known to have affected 40 million people globally. Periods of manic symptoms alternate with depression in people with bipolar disorder. The person is in a depressed mood or loses interest in activities. The symptoms of bipolar disorder may include ecstasy/euphoria, irritability, hyperactivity or energy, and other symptoms such as increased talkativeness, racing ideas, inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, distractibility, and sudden careless behavior.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): In areas affected by violence, PTSD and other mental problems are very common. Following exposure to a distressing or unpleasant incident or sequence of events, PTSD may develop. It is characterized by everything listed below: 1) Re-living the traumatic incident or events in the present; 2) Avoiding thoughts and recollections of the event(s); or 3) Avoiding actions, persons, or situations that bring back the memory of the event(s).

Schizophrenia: Around 24 million people, or 1 in 300 persons globally, suffer from schizophrenia. The life expectancy of those who have schizophrenia is 10– 20 years lower than that of the general population. Schizophrenia is characterized by severe sensory disabilities and behavioral disturbances. Symptoms might include excessive agitation, persistent delusions, hallucinations, disordered thinking, and disruptive behavior. Schizophrenia patients may also struggle with their cognitive abilities.

4. Impacts of Mental Illnesses on Human Lives

Every person experiences life with a mental health issue in a different form. Some people manage their mental health without it having a major negative effect on their ability to work and live. Others find it to be a big obstacle to work and education. A person is more likely to experience financial stress if they have a mental health disorder, and this pressure can harm a person’s health. Additionally, people with mental health issues are predisposed to relationship conflicts/disturbances. Some people who struggle with mental illness may experience feelings of loneliness and disconnection from their communities. Treatment for mental health conditions can occasionally be difficult due to things like various side effects of medicines. Many people who live with mental health conditions experience stigma and mistreatment, which may affect their willingness to disclose their condition and seek treatment. Not all effects of mental health issues are negative. People who live with mental health problems might develop abilities and skills that aid in their recovery 9, 10.

Furthermore, the recent Coronavirus Disease -19 (COVID-19) pandemic had a huge impact on the overall mental health and well-being of people across the globe. It led to issues like fear and anxiety, loneliness and isolation disruption or no access to mental healthcare services/treatment centers, and lastly, financial pressures and redundancy 11. There was a significant increase in the symptoms of anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 pandemic when compared to pre-pandemic levels among people living in United States of America as depicted in Figure 3. 14.5 years is the peak age of the onset of mental illnesses. However, these conditions are more common among young adults aged 18-25 years compared to adults aged 26 and above 12.

5. Treatment of Mental Illness

A person’s quality of life will be much enhanced by taking treatment for and managing their mental illness. Although dealing with a mental illness will always be difficult, receiving the right treatment will make the situation much more manageable and enable the person to take full advantage of everything life has to offer without the illness getting in the way.

A person’s life expectancy may be increased by improving mental health. According to the available literature, even minor mental health issues can affect life expectancy. Regardless of an individual’s preferred method of treatment, getting treatment for mental health issues is absolutely essential. Whether it be through medicine or psychiatric counseling, it is crucial that every person suffering from a mental illness desires to get treatment.

Additionally, talk therapy (often referred to as psychotherapy) combined with medication is the most efficient method of treatment for the majority of mental illnesses. This is because talk therapy allows the patient to let go of stress rather than keeping it all to themselves. As they express their feelings, it assists them in coping with situations that they find troubling or uncomfortable. Talk therapy and medication work much better together because medication lessens the symptoms of various mental conditions. A preferable substitute for drugs or psychedelics is medical plants and herbs as medication, as they have less side effects, and thus ensure that they cause no harm to a person’s physical health 13.

6. Medicinal Plant Based Interventions for Mental Illnesses


Medicinal plants were found to be increasingly helpful in the treatment of anxiety. A recent met-analysis that assessed the role of various medicinal plants in the treatment of anxiety noted that valerian, chamomile, passionflower, saffron, gamisoyo-san, ginkgo biloba, and kava. However, the results from this study revealed mixed effectiveness of the medicinal plants in comparison to placebo 14, 15.

Chamomile: The chamomile plant resembles a daisy in appearance. Roman chamomile and German chamomile are the two varieties of chamomile that can be used medicinally. Chamomile products such as extracts, tea, tablets, and creams can be used to reduce stress and anxiety. Previous studies, including a recent meta-analysis examined chamomile’s effectiveness and safety as a long-term therapy for generalized anxiety disorder and insomnia. Researchers observed that people who continued taking chamomile were much less likely to experience symptoms of anxiety despite some mild side-effects 16, 17.

Valerian: The plant known as valerian, or Valeriana officinalis, is indigenous to Asia and Europe. People have used the root for many centuries to treat depression, anxiety, and sleep issues. Valerian root is available in different forms such as tablets, extracts, or tea. Few high-quality investigations on the effects of valerian have been conducted thus far. According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), valerian is mostly harmless and safe to use. However, the NICCIH does not recommend this to pregnant women, nursing mothers, and children under the age of 3 as the safety and efficacy of valerian cannot be completely guaranteed in the long term 18.

Galphimia glauca: The plant species Galphimia glauca is native to Mexico. It was traditionally used as a tranquilizer to relieve anxiety. The effectiveness of G. glauca as a treatment for anxiety symptoms was examined in a clinical experiment in 2012. And they concluded that it’s safe 19.

The evidence for G. glauca as a therapy for anxiety, according to a Trusted Source review from 2018 says its results are promising. However, the lack of plant material has kept medicinal firms from exploiting its potential 20.

Cannabidiol: Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the active components of the cannabis plant Cannabis sativa. According to the available evidence, CBD may have a soothing impact on the central nervous system. Despite the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) of the USA which currently restricts its usage, CBD is a widely available natural substance in forms such as liquid extract, tablets, and creams. The researchers concluded that CBD could be helpful for people with problems associated with anxiety 21, 22.


More than 100 medicinal plants and herbs have been explored for their role in the treatment of depression. Among them St. John’s wort, saffron crocus, lemon balm and lavender, turmeric, roseroot, ginkgo, Korean ginseng, borage, brahmi, mimosa tree and magnolia bark and kava have been studied extensively for their usefulness in the treatment of depression [23-26] 23.

Lavender: Lavender oil is a popular essential oil which is frequently used by people to relax, reduce anxiety, and improve their mood. Lavender may have a great potential for lowering anxiety and enhancing sleep, according to a 2013 review 27. When it comes to reducing anxiety, lavender’s effects on studies have been inconsistent. However, there is still strong data to support its efficacy as a therapy for depression currently.

Chamomile: According to a 2012 study, chamomile, which originates from the Matricaria recutita plant, has been shown to be effective in treating depression and nervousness 28. According to the studies, chamomile significantly reduced depression symptoms. However, further research is required to validate the chamomile’s other health advantages in treating depression symptoms.

Crocus sativus: According to certain research, like this study from 2018, using saffron to treat symptoms of depression is a completely safe and effective method 29.

The potential advantages of saffron for people suffering from depression, however, would be confirmed by more research. Moreover, researchers have yet to study more about any possible negative effects.

Bipolar disorder

Different medicinal plants/herbs like valerian, ashwagandha, lemon balm, rhodiola rosea, passionflower, and skullcap have been explored in the management of depression 30.

Valerian: Many people experiencing bipolar disorder struggle with anxiety and sleeplessness in between mood episodes and even after their major symptoms have been controlled. Since Ancient Greece and Rome, humans have employed the medicinal plant valerian. It is regarded as a nervine, a kind of plant that supports the nervous system. Given that valerian appears to act on GABA receptors in the brain to lessen anxiety and sleeplessness, research shows that it may be able to treat these symptoms 31. This doesn’t seem to have any major side effects, however, at larger dosages, daytime drowsiness is a possibility.

Rhodiola rosea: People have utilized the adaptogenic plant Rhodiola rosea, also known as golden root, for thousands of years to treat depression, fatigue, and stress. Rhodiola has been demonstrated to reduce anxiety, although some experts advise against using it to treat bipolar disorder since it may provoke manic episodes in some people. However, according to some specialists, the herb may be beneficial for those who use anti-depressants and mostly experience depression with occasional hypomanic symptoms 32.

Melissa officinalis: Melissa officinalis, also known as lemon balm, is a part of the mint family and has a lemon fragrance. It could help with symptoms of anxiety, memory loss, and insomnia. Since ancient times, people have used lemon balm in traditional medicine for a variety of purposes, including as an astringent, a mood booster, and a treatment for tension headaches. According to research on animals, memory and well-being may be improved by lemon balm 33. One study found that giving healthy individuals a single dosage of the plant boosted their memory and gave them a calmer sensation 34. Lemon balm has further been demonstrated to lessen anxiety when taken alongside valerian 35.

Post-traumatic stress disorder

The clinical trial evidence identified more than 20 types of medicinal plants like Kava kava (Piper methysticum), Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile), Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba), Skullcap (Scutellaria laterifolia), Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum), Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceus), Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), Gotu kola (Centella asiatica), Rhodiola (Rhodiola rosea), Echium (Echium vulgare), Thryallis (Galphimia glauca) and Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) being useful in the treatment of mental disorders including PTSD 36.

Dong Quai: Although there’s not enough research about Dong Quai and PTSD, the substance was found to help with nervous system management, minimize panic attacks help in stress management, and control the adrenal gland’s reaction. The management of the adrenal glands is particularly significant in this case since PTSD patients have been shown to have reactions 37.

Ginkgo biloba: Ginkgo biloba, one of the planet’s oldest plants, is sometimes referred to as a living fossil. Strong antioxidants found in its leaves can aid in fighting against free radicals, a kind of chemical that kills cells. In doing so, ginkgo also aids in promoting blood flow and circulation in the body and brain. An improvement in brain function, including an enhancement in mental acuity and memory precision, is made possible by this blood flow promotion 38. As a result, some people believe ginkgo might help treat disorders like this.


Treatment and management of schizophrenia using medicinal plants including Panax ginseng, Hypericum perforatum, Elettaria cardamomum, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Phyllanthus emblica, Ocimum basilicum, Matricaria chamomilla, and Ginkgo biloba were explored since long time 39, 40.

Ginseng: Ginseng may lessen the frequency of schizophrenia symptoms, according to research. Ginseng’s ability to help with stress relief both mentally and physically is due to its adaptogenic qualities. Additionally, it can increase energy and enhance general mental clarity and cognition. According to studies, ginseng can help lessen negative schizophrenia symptoms such as “the flat affect” (lack of emotional expression) 41.

Withania somnifera: Withania somnifera, widely known as ashwagandha, may assist in reducing the intensifying symptoms of schizophrenia according to a small clinical research report in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 42. For thousands of years, this plant has been employed in Indian traditional medicine. Stress levels in patients as well as negative symptoms of schizophrenia were shown to be significantly reduced by it.

While this isn’t a complete list of herbs that can be useful, according to the available research, these have proven to be reliable herbs for managing mental health issues. However, we believe that these herbs/supplements are not fully recommended as an alternative choice to conventional medicine. This is because there is scarcity of evidence regarding their efficacy and potential adverse effects. In many ways, medicinal herbs might serve as a therapeutic addition to the conventional treatments. Additionally, it is crucial to communicate with a doctor regarding the dosage, and potential drug interactions before taking any of these herbs discussed in this review.

Yoga, mindfulness, nutritional supplements like omega-3 fatty acids, and invasive and non-invasive electrical stimulation therapies like deep brain stimulation, trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS), transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), and transcranial ultrasound stimulation (TUS) are some examples of complementary, alternative and specific therapies for mental health issues [43-48] 43. These methods might improve overall well-being, lessen anxiety, reduce symptoms of depression, and promote relaxation 49, 50. For patients who do not have symptom alleviation through standard medicines or psychotherapy, doctors may advise these alternative treatments.

7. Conclusions

Mental illnesses are complex and therefore people suffering from mental disorders must be carefully managed to improve the quality of life. Physicians/psychiatrists could advise patients to use medicinal plants discussed in this review as a replacement for or preferably in addition to their prescribed medications. There is some evidence to support the advantages of these therapies for mental health issues including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, PTSD and schizophrenia. Research regarding medicinal plant utility in treating mental illnesses is limited. As a result, there are still many unanswered questions, and more research in this direction would be helpful in determining the real benefit of these alternative and complementary treatments.


[1]  Malla A, Joober R, Garcia A. “Mental illness is like any other medical illness”: a critical examination of the statement and its impact on patient care and society. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2015; 40: 147-50 10.1503/jpn. 150099.
In article      View Article
[2]  Lestari R, Setyawan FEB. Mental health policy: protecting community mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Public Health Res. 2021; 10: 2231 10.4081/jphr. 2021. 2231.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[3]  Baumgardt J, Weinmann S. Using crisis theory in dealing with severe mental illness-a step toward normalization? Front Sociol. 2022; 7: 805604 10.3389/fsoc. 2022. 805604.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[4]  Mental health medications. (2022). Last Accessed: 08th November 2023.
In article      
[5]  Treatment of psychological disorders. (2019). Last Accessed: 08th November 2023.
In article      
[6]  What causes mental illness? .
In article      
[7]  Merikangas KR, Merikangas AK. Harnessing progress in psychiatric genetics to advance population mental health. Am J Public Health. 2019; 109: S171-S175 10.2105/AJPH. 2019. 304948.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[8]  Mental disorders. 2022. Last Accessed: October 23, 2023.
In article      
[9]  What impact can mental conditions have .
In article      
[10]  The importance of mental health care for college students.” Lehigh Center, .
In article      
[11]  How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected mental health? .
In article      
[12]  Twenge JM, McAllister C, Joiner TE. Anxiety and depressive symptoms in U.S. Census Bureau assessments of adults: trends from 2019 to fall 2020 across demographic groups. J Anxiety Disord. 2021; 83: 102455 10. 1016/j.janxdis. 2021. 102455.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[13]  Kenda M, Kočevar Glavač N, Nagy M, Sollner Dolenc M. Medicinal Plants Used for Anxiety, Depression, or Stress Treatment: An Update. Molecules. 2022; 27: 6021 10.3390/molecules27186021.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[14]  9 herbs for anxiety. .
In article      
[15]  Zhang W, Yan Y, Wu Y, et al. Medicinal herbs for the treatment of anxiety: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Pharmacol Res. 2022; 179: 106204. 10.1016/j.phrs. 2022. 106204.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[16]  Hieu TH, Dibas M, Surya Dila KA, et al. Therapeutic efficacy and safety of chamomile for state anxiety, generalized anxiety disorder, insomnia, and sleep quality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials and quasi-randomized trials. Phytother Res. 2019; 33: 1604-1615 10.1002/ptr.6349.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[17]  Mao JJ, Xie SX, Keefe JR, Soeller I, Li QS, Amsterdam JD. Long-term chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: a randomized clinical trial. Phytomedicine. 2016; 23: 1735-1742 10.1016/j.phymed.2016.10.012.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[18]  Valerian. (2020). Last Accessed: 08th November 2023.
In article      
[19]  Herrera-Arellano A, Jiménez-Ferrer JE, Zamilpa A, García-Alonso G, Herrera-Alvarez S, Tortoriello J. Therapeutic effectiveness of Galphimia glauca vs. lorazepam in generalized anxiety disorder. a controlled 15-week clinical trial. Planta Med. 2012; 78: 1529-35 10.1055/s-0032-1315110.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[20]  Romero-Cerecero O, Islas-Garduño AL, Zamilpa A, Pérez-García MD, Tortoriello J. Therapeutic effectiveness of Galphimia glauca in young people with social anxiety disorder: a pilot study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2018; 2018: 1716939 10. 1155/2018/1716939.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[21]  Blessing EM, Steenkamp MM, Manzanares J, Marmar CR. Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for anxiety disorders. Neurotherapeutics. 2015; 12: 825-36 10.1007/s13311-015-0387-1.
In article      View Article
[22]  Skelley JW, Deas CM, Curren Z, Ennis J. Use of cannabidiol in anxiety and anxiety-related disorders. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2020; 60: 253-261 10.1016/j.japh.2019.11.008.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[23]  8 herbs and supplements to help treat depression. Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, .
In article      
[24]  Dobrek L, Głowacka K. Depression and its phytopharmacotherapy-a narrative review. Int J Mol Sci. 2023; 24: 4772 10.3390/ijms24054772.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[25]  Moragrega I, Ríos JL. Medicinal plants in the treatment of depression: evidence from preclinical studies. Planta Med. 2021; 87: 656-685 10.1055/a-1338-1011.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[26]  Fathinezhad Z, Sewell RDE, Lorigooini Z, Rafieian-Kopaei M. Depression and treatment with effective herbs. Curr Pharm Des. 2019; 25: 738-745 10.2174/1381612825666190402105803.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[27]  Koulivand PH, Khaleghi Ghadiri M, Gorji A. Lavender and the nervous system. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013; 2013: 681304 10. 1155/2013/681304.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[28]  Amsterdam JD, Shults J, Soeller I, Mao JJ, Rockwell K, Newberg AB. Chamomile (Matricaria recutita) may provide antidepressant activity in anxious, depressed humans: an exploratory study. Altern Ther Health Med. 2012; 18: 44-9.
In article      
[29]  Siddiqui MJ, Saleh MSM, Basharuddin SNBB, et al. Saffron (Crocus sativus L.): as an antidepressant. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2018; 10: 173-180 10.4103/JPBS.JPBS_83_18.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[30]  Herbs for bipolar disorder: Types, Research, and Benefits. .
In article      
[31]  Tammadon MR, Nobahar M, Hydarinia-Naieni Z, Ebrahimian A, Ghorbani R, Vafaei AA. The effects of valerian on sleep quality, depression, and state anxiety in hemodialysis patients: a randomized, double-blind, crossover clinical trial. Oman Med J. 2021; 36: e255 10.5001/omj.2021.56.
In article      View Article
[32]  Natural treatments for bipolar disorder. (2020). Last Accessed: 08th November 2023.
In article      
[33]  Naseri M, Arabi Mianroodi R, Pakzad Z, Falahati P, Borbor M, Azizi H, Nasri S. The effect of Melissa officinalis L. extract on learning and memory: involvement of hippocampal expression of nitric oxide synthase and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2021; 276: 114210 10. 1016/j.jep. 2021. 114210.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[34]  Scholey A, Gibbs A, Neale C, et al. Anti-stress effects of lemon balm-containing foods. Nutrients. 2014; 6:4805-4821 .
In article      View Article  PubMed
[35]  Dinan TG, Stanton C, Cryan JF. Psychobiotics: a novel class of psychotropic. Biol Psychiatry. 2013;74:720-6 10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.05.001.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[36]  Ernsberger MM. Drug-Free Alternatives for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Med Aromat Plants 2015; S2:001 10.4172/2167-0412.S2-001.
In article      View Article
[37]  Yehuda R. Neuroendocrine aspects of PTSD. Handb Exp Pharmacol. 2005; (169): 371-403. 10.1007/3-540-28082-0_13.
In article      View Article
[38]  Noor-E-Tabassum, Das R, Lami MS, et al. Ginkgo biloba: a treasure of functional phytochemicals with multimedicinal applications. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2022;2022:8288818 10.1155/2022/8288818.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[39]  Two herbs that may help relieve symptoms of schizophrenia .
In article      
[40]  Hajiaghaee R, Akhondzadeh S. Herbal medicine in the treatment of schizophrenia: a review. J Med Plants 2018; 17:1-5 .
In article      
[41]  Chen EY, Hui CL. HT1001, a proprietary North American ginseng extract, improves working memory in schizophrenia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Phytother Res. 2012; 26: 1166-72 10.1002/ptr.3700.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[42]  Chengappa KNR, Brar JS, Gannon JM, Schlicht PJ. Adjunctive use of a standardized extract of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) to treat symptom exacerbation in schizophrenia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2018; 79: 17m11826 10.4088/JCP.17m11826.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[43]  Sathyanarayanan G, Vengadavaradan A, Bharadwaj B. Role of Yoga and Mindfulness in Severe Mental Illnesses: A Narrative Review. Int J Yoga. 2019 Jan-Apr; 12(1): 3-28.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[44]  Sentissi O, Zosso G, Cogordon A, Chillà C. The effects of a group-based intervention through physical activities and dietary changes in young patients with severe psychiatric disorders: a pilot study. Front Sports Act Living. 2023 Aug 22; 5: 1197925.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[45]  Sinanovic S, Vidacek A, Muftic M. Impact of Yoga Practice on Level of Stress During COVID-19 Pandemic. Mater Sociomed. 2022 Jun; 34(2): 118-120.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[46]  Nourollahimoghadam E, Gorji S, Gorji A, Khaleghi Ghadiri M. Therapeutic role of yoga in neuropsychological disorders. World J Psychiatry. 2021 Oct 19; 11(10): 754-773.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[47]  Yüksel A, Bahadır-Yılmaz E. The Effect of Mindfulness-Based Psychosocial Skills Training on Functioning and Insight Level in Patients with Schizophrenia. Community Ment Health J. 2021 Feb; 57(2): 365-371.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[48]  Brain Stimulation Therapies. (2023). . Last Accessed: November 18, 2023.
In article      
[49]  Gautam S, Jain A, Marwale AV, Gautam A. Clinical Practice Guidelines for Yoga and Other Alternative Therapies for Patients with Mental Disorders. Indian J Psychiatry. 2020 Jan; 62(Suppl 2): S272-S279.
In article      View Article  PubMed
[50]  Puri V, Kanojia N, Sharma A, Huanbutta K, Dheer D, Sangnim T. Natural product-based pharmacological studies for neurological disorders. Front Pharmacol. 2022 Nov 7; 13: 1011740.
In article      View Article  PubMed

Authors :

Nehasvita VeeramachaneniAffiliation(s): International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP), The Aga Khan Academy, Hyderabad, India

Sujana VeeramachaneniAffiliation(s): Associate Diploma Coordinator & Science HOD, International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP), The Aga Khan Academy, Hyderabad, India

Leela TalluriAffiliation(s): Manager, Clinical Development and Medical Affairs, Hetero group, Hyderabad, India

Venkataramana KandiCorresponding Author: ramana20021@gmail.comAffiliation(s): Department of Microbiology, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, India

Download the PDF :

September 6, 2023

Immortalité – Ondes cérébrales – Orbitales – de Valence – Dualité onde corpuscule – Corps énergétique – Double dimension – Vibratoire – Etre lumineux – de lumière – éternel – Loi divine – Unité – Sortie de temps – Intemporalité

Filed under: Reiki,Sciences,Spirituality — admin @ 10:52 am

La mort n’existe pas, ce n’est qu’une étape parfois nécessaire pour la poursuite de la vie.

Tout a une conscience.

Voici ci-dessous quelques mots clés pour vous éclairer lors de vos recherches sur ce sujet :

Immortalité – Ondes cérébrales – Orbitales – de Valence – Dualité onde corpuscule – Corps énergétique – Double dimension – Vibratoire – Etre lumineux – de lumière – Eternel – Loi divine – Existance lumineuse éternelle – Sortie de temps – Unité – Intemporalité

Quelques personalités sur ce thème :

  • Philippe Bobola
  • Jean Jaurès : “La mort n’est qu’un déplacement d’existence.”
  • Thierry Paul Millemann

February 21, 2023

Some links

Filed under: Sciences — admin @ 2:30 pm

http://www.mysticmamma.com is a website talking about consciousness, spirituality and astrology. Articles speak about what happens in the sky (astronomical events) and their impact on our actual life. The website is often updated.

http://345d.fr : this site talks about ascension, spirituality, personal developement.

http://www.amour-et-verite.com : Stephane Rambaud shares with you his heartiness for personal developement, spiritual and esoteric, and also all things that are linked because all is linked. Music, humor, health, sport… All that in the love and truth.

http://www.energie-sante.net : The point of convergence of energy therapies for everybody.

Healing/Chakra Cleansing Meditation/Relaxation Music : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tU3oAyin8W4&list=RDNPVX75VIpqg

A source for information on A=432Hz and the effects of the vibrant environment on awareness : http://omega432.com

http://www.collective-evolution.com : Creating change through transforming consciousness. Numerous interesting articles.

Secrets in Plain Sight – Patterns in Art, Architecture & the Cosmos : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L777RhL_Fz4 http://www.secretsinplainsight.com

Sonic Geometry: The Language of Frequency and Form : Throughout history, numerous clues and hints regarding geometry and frequency have been staring at us, calling to us, and waiting for us to put them into place like pieces of a giant puzzle. Here at the dawn of a new age, this sonic-geometric puzzle is finally nearing completion, revealing the building blocks of a language based on energy, frequency and form.
How will we use it? With whom will we be communicating? Now that we know the basics of this new language, maybe we are ready to begin the conversation…. again? : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FY74AFQl2qQ

Sacred knowledge of vibration and the power of human emotions : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0gBoV0ygJc

The Portal
The Intelligence Hub for the Victory of Light

Vidéos intéressantes sur les fractales : Fractales à la recherche de la dimension cachée : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h3rshqpr3JY&list;=PLF3C31A503BB23523

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8mCztbdeNVg : vidéo documentaire (incomplète) : Les mystères de la physique quantique

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1UPl1uUU88o : vidéo sur la Théorie des Cordes : Ce qu’Einstein ne Savait pas Encore

Musique qui soigne, nettoie les Chakras pour Méditer et se Relaxer : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tU3oAyin8W4&list;=RDNPVX75VIpqg

Une source d’information sur A=432Hz et les effets de l’environnement vibrant sur la conscience : http://omega432.com

http://www.collective-evolution.com : créé le changement en transformant la conscience. De nombreux articles intéressants.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qsMLmTnOm0Y : vidéo documentaire “Mondes Intérieurs, Mondes Extérieurs” : Il existe un champ vibratoire reliant toutes choses On l’a appelé Akasha, le son originel Om, les perles du collier d’Indra, l’harmonie des sphères et des milliers d’autres noms lui furent attribués à travers l’histoire. Les professeurs anciens enseignaient le Nada Brahma – l’univers est vibration. Le champ vibratoire est à la source de toute véritable expérience spirituelle et de toute recherche scientifique. Il s’agit du même champ ésotérique que des saints, des bouddhas, des yogis, des mystiques, des prêtres, des chamanes, des prophètes ont observé par introspection. Bon nombre d’imminents penseurs de l’histoire tels que Pythagore, Keppler, Léonard de Vinci, Tesla et Einstein approchèrent le seuil du mystère. Dans la société moderne, la majeure partie de l’humanité a perdu la sagesse ancienne. Nous nous sommes trop égarés dans le domaine de la pensée, ce que nous percevons comme le monde extérieur de la forme.
Nous avons perdu notre lien vers les mondes intérieurs. Cet équilibre, appelé “la voie moyenne” par le Bouddha et “le juste milieu” par Aristote, est le droit de naissance de chaque être humain. C’est la source commune de toutes les religions et le lien entre nos mondes intérieurs et extérieurs.

http://www.ascensionnow.co.uk – A spirit-guided website. Information: The Law of One, spiritual awakening and ascension of humanity, the nature of reality and consciousness, galaxy/solar system/earth changes, and prophecies. – What you do here will affect all other planets, plus planets yet to be created. They may not have your Divine complement, but what you do will change their awareness. You are, therefore, the catalyst for something so big that you cannot conceive of it.

Tools and resources for sciences

Filed under: Sciences — admin @ 2:16 pm

Calendar Magic EuroSoft: http://www.stokepoges.plus.com

CaRMetal – Dynamic geometry software : http://db-maths.nuxit.net/CaRMetal/

Declic – Software for computer aided geometry : http://emmanuel.ostenne.free.fr

JFDraw – Software for drawing geometrical figures : http://www.jfimagine.com

Isoptikon – An instrument for creation of exact drawings of plane Euclidean Geometry : http://www.uch.gr/Tmhmata/MATHEMATICS/MATH.html

Astronomy Lab 2 – One of the most innovative, interesting, and useful astronomy programs available for Microsoft Windows : http://www.personalmicrocosms.com

L’astronomie par les calculs 2.0 – A complete and useful astronomy program : http://members.aol.com/herculis/Page1.htm

Unit Converter Expert V1.0 – A great unit conversion tool http://www.calcexpert.com/

Helper is a software program intended to assist physicists, engineers, and other experts in performing computations. The program allows you to find quickly the majority of physical constants. http://www.geocities.com/shalaevr

Applied Thermodynamics Help http://www.taftan.com

Alcyone Planet’s Orbits : this software uses the orbital elements data, published by the Minor Planet Center (MPCORB) to display planet orbits.

Engineering Unplugged is a collection of websites for the benefit of the Engineering and Sciences Community. It is the place to find top Engineering and Sciences schools, organizations, websites, blogs and forums. You can browse here resources for topics like Aerospace, Civil Engineering, Cryotechnology, Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Manufacturing, Military Science, Nuclear Power, Robotics, Surveying and many more.

Join a network of researchers from the world’s top institutions.

On AliceInPhysics, you will find everything you need to know about the Relativity Theory (time dilation, length deformation, simultaneity, image and source, the Doppler Effect, the roles of fields in physics, etc.)

In 1978 Hans Cousto, a Swiss mathematician and musicologist discovered the natural law of the “Cosmic Octave” as the link between different kinds of perodically occurring natural phenomena, such as the orbit of the planets, the weather, colors, rhythms and tones.

VoiceSync is a research initiative that uses vibrational resources to improve our subtle perception and global consciousness.

E-books on riddles in science :

Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles :

Physical Geography is a sub-discipline of two much larger fields of study – Geography and Earth Sciences. The main purpose of Physical Geography is to explain the spatial characteristics of the various natural phenomena associated with the Earth’s hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere.

The world of pi on the internet is vast but to me few sites are complete… Anyway, I have not found any french site that i was really looking for, and for a maths-lover who is not a mathematician like me, it is sometime hard to work out all the proofs on your own….

For those who wish to study the sky without software, this web page : http://www.elbertwade.com/atlas.html allows you to get in a single click, for a date and a place, the sign of the astrological wheel with his degrees and minutes, the latitude and longitude, for the planets, the ASC, the MC.

Accurate numerical informations on planets :

Informations on parameters to take into account when calculating planets positions : http://www.stjarnhimlen.se/comp/ppcomp.html

Historical data on sunspots : http://www.sidc.be/silso/datafiles
Solar and geomagnetic historical data : http://www.solen.info/solar/indices.html

Source codes from astronomy programs and digital : http://www.moshier.net

Calendes – many calendars : http://www.olravet.fr

http://www.rexresearch.com : Rex Research collects and disseminates reports about suppressed/dormant/emerging science, inventions, technologies, experiments, and theories.

http://www.traced-ideas.eu : Music theory, Schematic algebra, Cycles, resonances, synchronization, Solar activity, Mayan astronomy, Realm of atoms, The last Fermat theorem, Equations, Earthquakes, Physics

http://www.alphee.com/ : astrology and trading softwares by Alphee Lavoie & Sergey Tarasov

http://www.astro.com/ : “Astrodienst” means “Astro Service”.
“Dienst” is German for “service”, and is pronounced “deenst”. “Astro” is not a particular word, but a common abbreviation for Astrology.

http://www.qchartist.net/files/index.php?dir=sciences%2Fmisc%2FLes+nombres+Symbolisme+et+Proprietes%2F Numerology

https://numberempire.com/ Numerology

http://crazy-numbers.com/ Numerology

https://dailygalaxy.com/ Great Discoveries Channel. The Daily Galaxy’s San Francisco-based founder and editor is Val Landi. Prior to launching dailygalaxy.com in 2007, Val was executive vice-president of global technology publisher, IDG, where he was head of Computerworld Electronic Media and founder of Computerworld.com –one of the Internet’s first news sites. Val later joined Palo Alto-based Interval Research as Senior Vice President. Interval –whose mission was to help create the IP foundation for the wired world–was founded by Paul Allen, Microsoft’s co-founder and creator of the Allen Radio Telescope Array in the High Sierra’s. Val hold’s a Master’s Degree (’91) from Harvard University, with a concentration on the history of science. At Harvard, Val studied with I. Bernard Cohen, one of the world’s leading authorities on Isaac Newton. The founder of Isis, Cohen was often referred to as the “father of the history of science”.

https://dailygalaxy.com/2019/07/illusion-of-death-in-the-quantum-universe-we-exist-indefinitely-as-soul-holiday-feature/ “Illusion of Death” –‘In the Quantum Universe We Exist Indefinitely’

Ancient Symbols and their meanings – We love the beauty, the meanings, and significations of many of the world’s most ancient symbols.

Welcome to Statology – Statology
Statology is a site that makes learning statistics easy through explaining topics in simple and straightforward ways. Find out for yourself by reading through our resources: Statistics Tutorials. Learn all about statistics from the ground up by reading through our statistics tutorials. Machine Learning Tutorials

Appearances of Phi, the Golden Ratio, in the Solar System
Certain solar system orbital periods are closely related to phi Certain planets of our solar system seem to exhibit a relationship to phi, as shown by the following table of the time it takes to orbit around the Sun: Saturn reveals a golden ratio phi relationship in several of its dimensions

Powered by WordPress